The following answer choices describe various approaches that a health plan can take to voice its opinions on legislation. Select the answer choice that best describes a health plan's use of grassroots lobbying.
Health plans are allowed to appeal rules or regulations that affect them. Generally, the grounds for such appeals are limited either to procedural grounds or jurisdictional grounds. The Kabyle Health Plan appealed the following new regulations:
Appeal 1 - Kabyle objected to this regulation on the ground that this regulation is inconsistent with the law.
Appeal 2 - Kabyle objected to this regulation because it believed that the subject matter was outside the realm of issues that are legal for inclusion in the regulatory agency's regulations.
Appeal 3 - Kabyle objected to the process by which this regulation was adopted.
Of these appeals, the ones that Kabyle appealed on jurisdictional grounds were
The government uses various tools within the realm of two broad categories of public policyallocative policies and regulatory policies. In the context of public policy, laws that fall into the category of allocative policy include
Greenpath Health Services, Inc., an HMO, recently terminated some providers from its network in response to the changing enrollment and geographic needs of the plan. A provision in Greenpath's contracts with its healthcare providers states that Greenpath can terminate the contract at any time, without providing any reason for the termination, by giving the other party a specified period of notice.
The state in which Greenpath operates has an HMO statute that is patterned on the NAIC HMO Model Act, which requires Greenpath to notify enrollees of any material change in its provider network. As required by the HMO Model Act, the state insurance department is conducting an examination of Greenpath's operations. The scope of the on-site examination covers all aspects of Greenpath's market conduct operations, including its compliance with regulatory requirements.
The contracts between Greenpath and its healthcare providers contain a termination provision known as
Arthur Dace, a plan member of the Bloom Health Plan, tried repeatedly over an extended period to schedule an appointment with Dr. Pyle, his primary care physician (PCP). Mr. Dace informally surveyed other Bloom plan members and found that many people were experiencing similar problems getting an appointment with this particular provider. Mr. Dace threatened to take legal action against Bloom, alleging that the health plan had deliberately allowed a large number of patients to select Dr. Pyle as their PCP, thus making it difficult for patients to make appointments with Dr. Pyle.
Bloom recommended, and Mr. Dace agreed to use, an alternative dispute resolution (ADR) method that is quicker and less expensive than litigation. Under this ADR method, both Bloom and Mr. Dace presented their evidence to a panel of medical and legal experts, who issued a decision that Bloom's utilization management practices in this case did not constitute a form of abuse. The panel's decision is legally binding on both parties.
This information indicates that Bloom resolved its dispute with Mr. Dace by using an ADR method known as: